Why are more young adults less eager to leave the nest?
Adolescence is that great “in-between” period when someone is no longer a child but is also not fully accepted into adulthood. Hallmarks of this transition include leaving home, getting married and raising children.
So why are so many young adults delaying their crossover into the adult world? According to the Pew Research Center, as of July 2020 close to 52% of Americans aged 18-29 years old were still living with their parents.
“It is important to understand the differences in the mind of an adolescent compared to an adult,” said Mary Fox, nurse practitioner at Aurora BayCare Occupational Health & Wellness. “Contemporary research shows that the window from puberty to adulthood lasts approximately 15 years, two times longer than it did in 1950.”
This idea is reinforced by a child development study conducted from 1976 through 2016 that surveyed eight million adolescents, ages 13-19 years old, on how they spend their time in and out of school. Many that were surveyed were reluctant to have sex, drink alcohol, drive, date, or maintain an after-school job. Possible reasons for this are that many adolescents are given access to passive opportunities, such as smartphones, for self-exploration and human connection instead of actual in-person interactions. This in turn can make adolescents less eager to leave the nest.
Many child development and psychological professionals focus on the following recommendations for parents to ensure a successful transition from childhood to adulthood:
- Encourage physical activity – this trains the brain to make quick decisions and motivates the adolescent.
- Socializing with peers – developing skills to interact with others is essential to assimilate into the adult world.
- Understand the impact of trauma to a developing adolescent – as their emotional system develops they are in a “fight or flight” state much of the time.
- Create schedules – these are very helpful as it is quite common for adolescents to forget routine tasks.
Fox’s final advice for parents, “Today’s youth is navigating and relying on all of us to be their compass into the adult world,” Fox said. “Starting early with consistent guidance and capitalizing on teachable moments are key to a successful transition into adulthood.”
About the Author
Amy Werdin, health enews contributor, is a provider public affairs coordinator with Advocate Aurora Health. She has been with the organization for 19 years, starting out in marketing for Advanced Healthcare, then Aurora Health Care and now in her current role. She enjoys reading, movies and watching her two daughters dance and her son swim.